Nafplio is the port of Argos on the Aegean Sea and the best preserved medieval town on mainland Greece. The town of Nafplio was invincible, duo to its castles Palamidi, Ancronafplia and Bourtzi. Nafplio means "port", "Naus" means ship and "pleo" is to sail". In Latin, "Naus" became "nave" and in English "navy" and "nautical". It was inhabited in the Neolithic period, according to the archaeological evidence. Local mythology has it that it took the name "Nafplia" from the hero Nauplios who was its founder. He was the son of Poseidon and Amymone and connected with the Danaid family on his mother's side.
Ancient Corinth is located eighty kilometers west of Athens. Because of this Ancient Corinth was an important crossroad between continental Greece and the Peloponnese, and between the Aegean and the Ionian Sea. Its privileged location, fertile plain and abundant water sources attracted human habitation already from Neolithic Age. The site of ancient Corinth was first inhabited in the Neolithic period (6500-3250 B.C.).
The myth of Perseus says that his grandfather, king Acritius, did not want any heirs. An oracle had told him that if he ever had a grandson, he would be assassinated by him. The king had only a daughter, the very pretty Danae, who he closed in a golden jail with a chaperone lady. One day, Zeus saw her, fell in love with her, transformed himself into a golden rain and dropped in her jail through the window railings. Once all drops went through, Zeus took the shape of a handsome, young man. Danae fell in love with him and they spent a few hours together.
Delphi is Located on a plateau on the side of Mt. Parnassus above the Gulf of Corinth it is about 100 miles northwest of Athens.
For the ancient Greeks it was the navel of Mother Earth, in other words, the center of the world. If we consider that the known world for most of the people then was from the Black Sea through the Aegean and the Mediterranean to Gibraltar, we understand that this belief was more a realistic observation than an arrogant thought.
The Papanathenaic stadium provides you with a nice opportunity to learn how an ancient stadium of the 4th century BC was. The stadium doesn't look like an ordinary archaeological site. There are no ruins. This stadium was not rebuilt during modern times. However, in 1896, during the first modern Olympic Games, there were works for the renovation of its marble covering. The work was financed by Georgios Averof. The present day shape of the stadium is the same with the ancient stadium of the 4th century BC, as shown by the excavations.
TEMPLE OF OLYMPIAN ZEUS
The temple of Olympian Zeus is one of the most ancient ones, since here was the place of worship of Zeus from the beginning of history. Peisistratus the tyrant, wanted to construct a majestic temple around the end of the 6th Century BC, but in the meantime the tyranny fell from power and his plans were canceled by democratic Athens. This temple was never completed.
"I hold here the child of my daughter, the beloved one, that I held on my lap when we were alive, and enjoyed the sunlight. Now I hold it dead, I , also dead".
This marble grave stele decorated the tomb of Ampharete. It depicts dead Ampharete with her grand child, who both seem to have died at the same time. On the stele's epigram, Ampharete herself seems to speak and mourn their death. The grave stele is in the museum of Kerameikos. Dating back to 430-420 BC.
It was built in 160 AD by the wealthy orator and Sophist Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife Reggila. It hosted only music performances. Contrary to the theaters, which hosted theatrical performances and were always open-air places, the odeum of Herodes Atticus was always a sheltered space.
The ancient agora is between two very important areas of ancient Athens: the Acropolis and Kerameikos. Kerameikos was the starting point of the procession of the Panathenaea, which ended up at the sacred rock. Moving ahead from the entrance of Adrianus street towards the Acropolis you walk on the Panathenaea way. You are at the center of ancient Athens! Moving along on the Panathenaea way, on the left side of the road, you can see the area where all the commercial activity of the market used to take place. There were green grocer shops, butcher shops, the fish market, barber shops and perfumeries.
According to the legend, Cape Sounion is the spot where Aegeus, king of Athens, leapt to his death off the cliff, thus giving his name to the Aegean Sea. The story goes that Aegeus anxiously looking out from Sounion, despaired when he saw a black sail on his son Theseus's ship, returning from Crete. This led him to believe that his son had been killed in his contest with the dreaded Minotaur, a monster that was half man and half bull. The Minotaur was confined by its owner, king Minos of Crete, in a specially designed labyrinth.